Close Encounter of the Bird Kind.


I came across this and another image on my BT news page. It professes to show a disc-12743806_947925221927486_8139408597276047331_nshaped UFO over the Severn Beach in the UK. The image was taken during a family walk along the beach by Bristol mum Fiona Powell.

It was only when she looked at the image later that she noticed what appears to be an indistinct black disc-shaped object in the upper right-hand corner.

Fiona, who took the photo on Tuesday, February 9, 2016 said: that she was undecided whether she believes in Aliens or not, and went on to add that ‘the photo certainly meets the criteria of a UFO’.  “I have shown the photo to a few sensible friends and they all think it is incredible,” she added.

At first glance, it is easy to see how one might reach such a conclusion. However, there are certain factors at play regarding the following image which need to be addressed, not least of which is pixilation.


  • In computer graphics, pixellation is caused by displaying a bitmap or a section of a bitmap at such a large size that individual pixels, small single-colored square display elements that comprise the bitmap, are visible. Such an image is said to be pixellated.
  • When subjecting a photo to higher magnification the target object is compromised due to pixellation which causes the object to appear more angular than it really is.

Below is the original  image, containing my annotations and observations. It brings into sharp focus what the object actually is.Untitled

Conclusion: Misidentification of a common crow.

© David Calvert 2016

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The Plane and Simple Truth.

Case No. 114869

Witness Testimony

I was in the house bent down to play with my dog when out the windows I noticed three large white objects in the west sky. I grabbed my camera and went out, my first thought was they looked like meteors falling. I snapped off 4 photos ran back in and grabbed my binoculars. Looking thru them I could see each had 4 contrails, but I couldn’t see anything but blue sky where an object should have been. I then took 3 more photos before they went out of my sight in the tree line. Also there was no noise.

In this image the contrails are quite pronounced and, as the witnessed described,  there are  four to each object. However, whatever is creating them seems to be johnson city ufos1invisible – even on higher magnification.  How is this possible? Are we dealing with some advanced cloaking technology of an extraterrestrial or terrestrial stealth technology or is there a more mundane explanation? More on the latter possibility later. It seems highly improbable that an advanced race of extraterrestrials – who are apparently capable of interstellar travel – would use heat exhaust engines to power their spacecraft. Equally absurd is the idea that these might be terrestrial stealth aircraft possessing the technological ability to become invisible. What would be the point .. their contrails would give them away anyhow.

On image 4a, enhanced for clarification purposes, you will note that the trailing johnston city ufos3object’s contrail has an interruption pattern in it.The upper yellow line points out an appreciable gap in the contrail and the line just below it appears to show several staggered dots that follow, suggesting perhaps that the engine cut out and an attempt was made to restart it.

Apart from the invisibility problem, the evidence points to a terrestrial explanation for these objects. However, the answer to the invisibility dilemma can be explained in mundane terms.

The smaller, higher and grayer a plane is, the  harder it is to see. In many cases you can see the contrail but not the plane itself, as evidenced by the comparison images below. Both images are of known aircraft.

johnston city ufos4You can see quite clearly that the planes have blended in with the background sky. This is especially true if the sky is slightly hazy or if there is some low cloud layer. Moreover, contrails are formed by the condensation of the water vapour in the aircraft exhaust. They typically form above 30, 000 ft. As you will recall the johnston city ufos6witness said that the objects made no sound. The truth is, they were far too high for her to hear the engines.

This second comparative image was taken from a report in Germany in December, 2010. The witnesses thought it was either a “fireball”, “meteor” or some kind of “UFO”.  Sound familiar?  This image  was later proven to be an aircraft.


Conclusion for case file 114869

Identified flying object (IFO) witnessed under unusual circumstances.

© David Calvert 2013

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MUFON case file #113711

rockwall ufo3

Witness Statement.

On my way home from work I saw four objects in the sky. At first I thought it was meteors,  but then I noticed they were staying in place. From the time I saw them to the time I got home it took me two minutes to grab my camera and take some pictures. They were right above and moved at the same pace for about 3 minutes. Two of them changed positions and then left slowly until I couldn’t see them anymore.”

Analysis Report.

After analysing the 7 images it quickly became apparent to me that the four objects mentioned by the witness are  most likely high altitude military jet contrails. That they are military jets is apparent by their V formation flight pattern. Commercial aircraft do not fly in formation patterns, other than at air show displays. However, there was something else on the photos that caught my attention; a faint elliptical anomaly with a small companion object on which the jets appeared to be converging. I thought it unusual that the witness made no mention of these in her statement.

Following clarification work by me on the following image  I began to suspect that the dark anomaly was perhaps a smudge on the camera lens – like that of a fingerprint.

Rockwall ufo1 .

The above image also shows one of the jet contrails partially occluding and intersecting the anomaly suggesting it is in front of it, thereby invalidating the smudge theory. However, I was able to determine that this was merely an illusion created by the ‘albedo effect’, wherein the bright light reflected from the contrail was washing out and overpowering the darker material making it look as though it were in front of it.

Further work carried out on images clearly shows the blurred, elliptical object has altered its orientation some 90 degrees to the right. The reason for this is quite simple … the photographer turned the camera to take two ‘portrait’ shots. In all the other images they are ‘landscape’.

rockwall ufo5

In the next shot  the anomaly has returned to its original ‘landscape’ orientation, thus lending weight to the idea that it is something on the camera lens and not a distant object. Seen in negative and with the auto levels fix on I could now make out that the single dark smudge was actually two white overlapping orbs, highly reminiscent of many confirmed dust particle orbs captured on camera. In this instance they are not airborne but are adhering to the lens, as my previous analysis has shown.

rockwall ufo4

Conclusion: High altitude military aircraft photographed through a lens with particulate matter adhering to its surface. As for the small companion object mentioned earlier I have no answer.

© David Calvert 2012

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Lake Ontario ‘UFO’.

When Is a UFO Not a UFO?

MUFON Case file: 43681

I chanced upon this case whilst researching for another, and found it very intriguing. I set about analysing the image above to determine the truth of it. The location where the photo was taken is currently undergoing a UFO flap with sightings almost on a daily basis.  What is more, there has been a recent upsurge in sightings of rectangular UFOs worldwide, and it is not uncommon to witness them over, large bodies of water and also in the midst of storms. What I discovered about this particular event was very interesting, and is a timely lesson on the nature of evidence and inference. All is not as it seems.

lake ufo 1


Witness Statement

(edited for brevity)

We were watching a line of storms move across the lake. Some of the storms were producing waterspouts and I wanted to get pictures of them [see image below].

It was about 8 am and I took my camera and went outside. I saw what I thought was a ship. We don’t see ships that large as we are not on the shipping lanes. I thought lake ufo2perhaps the ship was there because it was trying to avoid the storms, but it eventually turned and went into the worst of them. I took pictures of it and tried to get an angle that would show the storms in background. I just thought it would make a great picture. When I went back in my husband asked me if I got pictures of the ship, and remarked on how amazing it was on how the sunlight reflected on it. The light seemed to be reflecting on all sides. It was just glowing. I thought it was strange the way it looked and when I looked at the pictures on my computer they really looked strange. We were facing north and sun would be on our right. The whole object was illuminated and showed  no signs of being effected by the rough water or storms. It also looked very square, which didn’t make sense for a ship or barge. It was travelling east-north east and then turned north and just disappeared. Maybe it got just too far away. I am not sure. I hope I am not wasting your time and will include photos that I can. Thank you …

Image Analysis.

By converting the original close up image to negative I was able to remove the glare from the object, and by doing so could discern more detail. As you can see from thisxxxxxxx9-24-12-WOLCOTT-NEW-YORK-MUFON-43681-PIC-1 image the object appears structured and is rectangular in shape. You will also note that it appears to be hovering  just above the water. Note also the faint central line intersecting the rectangle. At this point I recalled the wintnesses’ statement of how the object glowed. An idea began to formulate in my mind. Could this be a mirage of some kind?

by Jeanette Cain

What is a mirage? A mirage is a misleading appearance. Most mirages occur on the seas or in the deserts. What will cause a mirage? A reflection. What causes reflection? Light. We seldom consider light as anything magical or wonderful, but light allows us the ability to see many good things and, often, many bad things.

Mirages, also called illusions, are caused by a reflection of some distance object which allows you to think that it is close by. In physics, it is known as an optical illusion. The more common type of mirage is called inferior mirage. It happens when a refraction of light passes through the atmosphere layers with varying qualities. Distance objects may seem to be raised above or below their normal locality. These objects may be seen as irregular and fantastic shapes.

Superior mirages are spectacular events, but much less common than the inferior mirage. These occur mainly over the horizon of the sea when distant objects are sketched, or drawn, upside down n the sky. Sometimes there is an erect image of the same object which will be above the upside-down image. This is characteristic of cold areas and conditions with a strong change of temperature where the warmer layers of air rise above the cooler layers. This involves a complicated action of wave fronts of light as the pass through the layers.

 Image of superior mirage.

superior mirage

I began to wonder what kind of vessels plied the lake waters and came across a particular type of barge, which I strongly suspected was the most likely candidate for the mirage (see inset).

lake barge insert

Bear in mind that a mirage is not always an exact duplicate of what is creating it. They are invariably distorted. You will recall my mentioning that the image appears to be hovering just above the water line. This is a common factor in many mirages, such as the one below.

An Iceberg in the Sky!


Evidence-based Conclusion:   The image is most likely a ‘Superior’ mirage of a lake barge reflected against the dark background of the storm. The intersecting white line across the barge’s hull may well be the boundary line between the barge itself and its ‘superior’ image.

Update:   Having sent this case to the Association for the Scientific Study of Anomalous Phenomenon (ASSAP), I’m pleased to announce that their independent study has confirmed my conclusion that the object is indeed a mirage.

© David Calvert 2012

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UFOs Over Laporte, Indiana, United States.

UFO Buzzes Farm Tractor and Cars.

MUFON Case: 39411

Location: Laporte, Indiana, United States

Local time: 04:30 pm.

Witness’  Remarks On Sighting.

“These objects streaked across the sky so fast that they were undetectable to the human eye. I count five in the picture, flying in some type of formation.”

la porte ufos 1

Pic 1

Same photograph converted to negative for greater clarification

la porte ufos3

Pic 2/negative image

 Comments & Observations

On analysing the above images I have come to the conclusion that the “UFOs” are nothing more than particulate matter on the car’s windshield. The conclusions are based on the following observations:

The telegraph cable above the car is partially obscured by the far right object, showing that it is between the car and the cable, and is not distant.

The largest of the objects is quite blurred, indicating that it is quite close to the camera lens. The blurring is not due to motion. If it were it would look more like the comparison image below. It also bears strong characteristics to that of an insect impact against the windshield.

 There is no apparent motion blurring from any of the objects, suggesting they are stationary and were close to the camera lens at the time the photograph was taken.

motion blur

Motion blur is the apparent streaking of rapidly moving objects in a still image or a sequence of images such as a movie or animation. It results when the image being recorded changes during the recording of a single exposure, either due to rapid movement or long exposure.

The witness claims that he did not see the objects at the time he took the picture, and speculated that the objects must have been travelling too fast for the human eye to see. On seeing the photograph he also stated that they were travelling in some kind of formation. There is no evidence to suggest any kind of flight formation whatsoever.  As for the former declaration of their speed, I believe he was just trying to make some kind of sense as to why he didn’t see them in the first instance. He may not have even been aware of the debris on the windshield at the time due to his focus being trained on the traffic ahead. He makes no mention of who actually took the photograph.

Evidence Based Conclusion: Particulate matter on windshield.

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Earth Angel


A Photographic Analysis by David Calvert.

Jessica R. West Testimony.

“This is a genuine photo of a girl who is an Earthangel. You can see her wings and the photo has been verified. She used to babysit for one of  FB friends – with Hunter Para Normal Australia, Chris Connor and Amanda Leach.”

Analyst’s note:  This testimony is somewhat confusing. When J.R. West says “the photo has been verified” does she mean it has been analysed and found to be authentic, in so far as it has not been tampered with? Or, that what we are seeing has been proven to be what she terms an “Earth angel” through analytical technique? My assumption is that she is referring to the former explanation, as any  self-respecting analyst could identify  this image for what it truly is.

Original Image

angel wings1

Angel Wings.

Camera Artifact.

anel wings2It is not distinguishable on the original image, but in negative  the so-called “wings” are nothing of the sort. The left and right “wing”, as you can clearly see pointed out by the red lines,  are  in front of the subject and not behind her. They’re creating a shadow effect across her head and right shoulder.

The black, radial lines point out  a faint circular formation within the right “wing”.  This circular formation is, in fact, a snow droplet on the camera lens. The  dark shadow emanating from it may well be due to melting or may be the result of a temperature variance between the glass lens and the droplet – a kind of fogging. As seen in the original image this fogging appears white due to the reflected light from the flash.

Compare these images with the one below.

earth angelThey look remarkably similar, don’t they? That’s because the same natural processes that made this picture went into making the above.

I do not intend to labour the point on the “Angel Wings” image other than to say that there is nothing paranormal going on in the picture that can’t be accounted for in natural terms. I urge the reader to read my “Ghost Hug” blog, because the exact same principles that went to make up that image also apply here.

Evidence-based Conclusion:

Camera artifact phenomenon created by atmospheric conditions..

© David Calvert 2012

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The Sekhmet Anomalies

The Sekhmet ‘Energy Streams’



David Calvert

Brief Historical Background of Sekhmet.

In Egyptian mythology Sekhmet was originally the warrior goddess, as well as a goddess of healing for Upper Egypt. She is depicted as a lioness, the fiercest hunter know to the ancient Egyptians. It was said that her breath created the desert. She was seen as the protector of the Pharaohs and led them in warfare. Her main cult centre was in Memphis.

godess sekhmet in Louvre. France

Sekhmet Statue/Louvre,France

John D Riley’s Testimony.

“Amazing confirmation that took place during the most intense Journey of my life…”

“Many have been asking so here is a response I posted to someone explaining the event: “Hours before this encounter a fellow traveller came to me and we had an interesting conversation. This was his second time in Egypt and the second time we travelled together. He was commenting on how others were getting interesting pics in the temples and how in the two years he has never even got a single orb. He had the same camera as last year and I looked at him and noticed he was in a very negative space. After a conversation he felt lighter and I wished him that something that he could not explain would happen to him on this journey. Hours later after we left the temple he came up to me with a very puzzled look on his face. He asked if he could show me something and I said yes. He told me he was watching sekhmet prayerme in the other chamber when I activated the energy device and decided to go into the Sekhmet chamber to take pictures and he then showed me these photo’s; I looked in awe and asked him repeatedly if these were taken during the activation of the device and he said yes, yes, yes! I saw the photo’s minutes after while we were walking through the temple and I will guarantee you they are untouched and genuine. Needless to say my friend was shifted greatly after this experience and had an expansive trip beyond anything he could have imagined. What allowed this to happen is he allowed a 1 percent possibility that there are great mysteries that are happening and all we have to do is allow ourselves to shift just a fraction to open this up to us. I was so grateful for this event and my friend allowed me to transfer these photos and use them. There 30 others that will attest to this experience as they all saw the pics on the bus as we drove back to the hotel. What I do I do as a gift to others. You are invited anytime to visit my research facilities in Santa Monica. Actually my good friend Greg Roach posted a similar comment 4 years ago about one of my videos thinking it was done in post. I invited him to experience and since then we have had 3 amazing trips to Egypt together. Sometimes you never know what lies ahead. All we have to do is allow possibilities…1 percent!


The technology I was guided to bring is of ancient understanding. It is called “The Beacon” a Zero Point (Unified) energy field I was guided to return to this planet as a life agreement. I have been in honor and humility as I travel the globe to sacred sites as the activations slowly return the knowledge of what we really are.”

Sekhmet  Images & John’s Attendant Notes.

After arriving to the temple after the most intense Mystery School Journey I was guided to activate the Zero Point Field to stabilise the grid energy. After confirmation I transcended into another realm and before me a portal opened up and 3 guardians appeared. They each reached down and placed Mana containers in my hands and offered me to absorb them into me. That night I went before the 3 guardians again …

sekhmet streamers2

 John’s attendant image notes.

 “Continuous flow of energy. Notice the colour variations.”

“The confirmation of the energy streams as we are in the other chamber activating the Portal. These photo’s were taken at the exact time the portal was opened.”

Analysis of Above Image.

What causes the variation in light colour in the above image is the two different materials from which the light is reflected. Note how the reflected light from the hand has a flesh tone to it. I conducted a simple experiment to test this hypothesis. I stood a red-jacketed book on a sheet of A4 paper and shone a small torch at it from an angle. The reflected beam onto the paper took on the same colour as the book face I did the same with green and yellow jacketed books and the same thing occurred.

A further question arises: What is the source of the light? The image below of an adjacent chamber perhaps gives us a clue. However, as we can clearly see in the above image the light source appears to be directly overhead and not coming from the rear wall.

Chamber Light Source Image.

sekhmet light source

One of the members of the group, William Henry (leader of the tour), contacted me regarding this. What he had to say more or less confirmed my suspicion.

Response from William Henry

concerning my query as to

the lighting in Sekhmet’s


Hi David,

I can’t recall exact details about the light source in the Sekhmet chapel. It seems to me that the chamber is not lit. When the door is closed there is total darkness, except for a possible skylight…sekhmet streamers1

By now you will have naturally asked yourselves why the light appears ribbon-like and wavy. Surely, it would be a straight, solid column?

 The Ribbon-Like Appearance:

I suspect the skylight is not a simple opening, as shown in the Chamber Light Source Image above, but is probably a grid of some description. Light passing through such a grid would naturally appear as separate columns or ribbons.

shafts of light long exposure

The Waveform Pattern Light Trail:

Though there are no EXIF details accompanying Sekhment images, one can see that a flash was used by the way the shadows closely surround objects in the foreground – not to mention the presence of orbs! If the photo had a long exposure, combined with flash (like in ‘night mode’), then a light source just outside the frame could definitely show up as a trail like this. the fact that the light reaches the edge of the image frame suggests this is the case. Clearly, the statue itself is not the light source. The fact that the trails are not parallel suggests that the camera moved in  a relatively complicated way after the flash went off. Usually you see a fairly straightforward light trail indicating that the photographer simply lowered the camera in a straight line, wrongly believing the shutter to be closed.

The motion blur in the below image is irrefutable confirmation of the camera being moved whilst the shutter was still open.

sekhmet motion blur

Sekhmet #4

The Presence of Orbs:

sekhmet streamers1 - Copy

 For more information on orbs and light trails go to


To the uninitiated these photographs look very impressive. The location itself evokes in the human psyche an air of mystery and wonder. Our expectations and mindsets further colour whatever interpretations we place on such apparent anomalies. In learning how to interpret such imagery one has to put aside their personal expectations and beliefs and approach it with an unbiased mind. This, I hope, I have done to the best of my ability.

The science of photographic analysis, like so many other scientific disciplines, requires that all theories and findings need to be replicated before they are accepted. To this end, I enlisted the aid of the Association for the Scientific Study of Anomalous Phenomena (ASSAP). Their independent analysis corroborated my initial suspicions that the anomalies in this case have a mundane explanation. Orbs and light streaks are relatively common occurrences in photographs and share certain identifiable characteristics, as in this case. For example; of all the orbs in these images not one is partially occluded by an individual or object, as is possible with a genuine subtle ‘energy plasma’ sphere. In such a confined chamber filled with people one would expect it to happen. This, along with their internal structure patterns, led me to conclude that they are dust particles captured within the camera’s field of view and illuminated by the flash.

There is also further evidence in these images supporting the theory that the sun is the lights source. The angle of incidence (the arrival of a beam of light or particles at a surface) changes slightly on the statue suggesting the light source is moving. Without EXIF details this is difficult to prove, however.

Conclusion:  Camera artefacts.

© David Calvert 2012

Hessdalen-esque Electroforms Appear Over Leeds, UK.

The Lynne Eastwood Sighting.

David Calvert

Part # 1



It is not my intention to go into any great depth concerning several orb images taken by Lynne, just prior to her ‘filament’ images, as they have a prosaic explanation which rules out any paranormal explanation. However, I have chosen the best one to illustrate my point concerning their non-paranormal origins.

Brief Analysis.


The larger, brighter orbs that appear in this image, including their smaller counterparts, are caused by water droplets on and near the camera lens. They appear to glow because they are being illuminated by the full moon, visible in the top right quadrant of the picture. Their blurred appearance is because they are outside the camera’s depth of field i.e. out of focus.

The rainbow-like anomaly in the right lower quadrant is being generated by the house and street lighting which is just out of frame. Clearly, there was a very light rainfall in progress when this image was taken. This assumption is corroborated in Pt. #2 evidence. Their spherical appearance is due to the raindrop having reached terminal velocity on its earthward journey. Lynne also pointed out two unusual light sources adjacent to the houses. Initially I took them to be lens reflections, but on closer examination I’m not so sure.

Conclusion: Orbs created by natural environmental conditions.


 Historical Background

Since the 1930s, possibly earlier, unusual lights have been reported at Hessdalen, Norway. From December 1981 to the summer of 1984 lights were observed about 15-20 times per week. Since then activity has decreased to 10-20 times per year. The Hessdalen light is more often seen as a white or yellow bright light of unknown origin standing or hovering above ground level. Sometimes it can be seen for more than an hour. There are several other types of unexplained lights witnessed in the Hessdalen Valley. Scientific research of the lights began in 1983 and was initiated by Dr. Erling Strand and given the nickname “Project Hessdalen”. In 1998, the Hessdalen AMS automated scientific research station was built in the valley. It registers and records the appearance of lights, such as the one below.

Hessdalen 1


 Lynne Eastwood’s Testimony.

“On the 14th September 2011, at 4 a.m., I was awoken from my sleep and felt compelled to go look out of my back dining room window. Goodness knows why or how, but I just had the feeling that was telling me to go look out, and so I did. On doing so I saw a very beautiful sky. It was so beautiful that I went and got my camera to snap some shots of what I could see to show my friends. The camera I used was a basic Samsung D1070/10.2 mp/Zoom 6.18.9 mm. 

The flash was off when I took the photos – a full moon affording me the light I needed. As I snapped off the shots I noticed what I thought to be a ‘shooting star’ against the clear background sky. The clouds were receding by now. Without hesitation I made a wish and began photographing it. It was only later, as I viewed the photos, that I noticed that the ‘shooting star’ had changed shape several times. Based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, I had never seen such an unusual sky at such an early hour.”

hessdalen4‘shooting star’. This pic has been lightened and annotated by me for greater clarification.  Please note that the following images are now completely devoid of water droplets – inline with Lynne’s testimony that the clouds were receding. No clouds, no rain. The white arrow  points  out the object in question. At this level of zoom it appears nothing more than an amorphous white smudge. The blue arrow points out an anomalous blue point of light, whereas the green arrows point out anomalous green light sources.

Sequence # 1 This is taken from the same image above and magnified to show definite shape to object. Clearly, this is no ‘shooting star’. The former ‘amorphous white smudge’ appears to have a worm-like or filament-like structure to it.


Sequence # 2 The ‘S’ filament is now in a vertical position, indicating movement.

hessdalen 5

 Sequence # 3


Note the faint and bright areas in the ‘filament’. These could suggest a single light source’s movement captured in the frame, leaving behind a ghost image of its erratic flight path in its wake.

Sequence # 4


The ‘filament’ now resembles a long ribbon of light as it streaks erratically through the sky. Highly reminiscent of a light phenomenon captured at Hessdalen, Norway (see below).

hessdalen8Image Comparison

Note the fainter and brighter areas within the ‘ribbon’ and the erratic flight path. They are incredibly similar to those in the above image.


As there was no EXIF data supplied with the photos it is impossible to say for certain what the shutter speed actually was at the time the images were taken. However, if the minimum shutter speed ( 8 secs. )was used when Lynne took her pics one would expect to see blurring of the entire images, but if you look closely at her first shot there is no evidence of this. If the snap was taken at 1/1500 th of a second this would imply that the object was travelling, albeit erratically, at an incredible speed, leaving in its wake a trail of light.

The Hessdalen lights were split into three groups. However, I will deal only with the first two of the group as they have greater relevance to this case:

  1. Small and strong white or blue flashes which could show up anywhere in the sky.
  2. Yellow or yellow-white lights, just over house rooftops, or on the ground. They can be stationary for more than an hour, move slowly around, and sometimes show large accelerations and speeds. They could also appear higher up in the sky.  They mostly travel on a north/south course.

There are commonalities between the Eastwood  images to the Hessdalen phenomenon. They are as follows:

  • In an email Lynne sent to me she said the object was stationary when she first saw it, but then began to move.
  • Blue flashes. In pic 4 for example the blue arrow indicates a blue anomalous point of light.
  • In the same pic can also be seen 2 green points of light
  • The erratic movements of the main object in pic  8, suggesting it is travelling at a high rate of speed.
  •  The majority of the  anomalies appear high in the sky.

hessdalen7This is how one of the green lights appears under higher magnification and with the auto levels fix on. It is much brighter than its surrounds. Might this be a light flash, similar to those also reported at Hessdalen?

Might all these similarities be purely coincidental? It’s possible, but unlikely. For me, there are just too many commonalities for this to be sheer coincidence.

I initially took the two lights below to be reflections from the adjacent houses. However, their shape and relative positions preclude such an interpretation.

It is worth  noting that the Hessdalen lights have been seen to take on various shapes, from ‘bullet-shaped’ to ‘inverted Christmas tree’ shapes.

CONCLUSION: Electroform phenomenon of unknown origin or cause

© David Calvert 2011

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Water Spirit.

Child’s Ghost at Water’s Edge.

David Calvert.

water ghost1

Becky’s Testimony.

“I have an e-mail friend in Australia who sent me a series of photos that she had taken. When I looked at this one I immediately saw the image of a girl child sitting near the water’s edge. She has a white long-sleeved dress on, arm is bent at the elbow and her hand is resting on her chin. She has cropped curly blonde hair and a hat on. She almost looks like she is posing for the photo. What do you think?”

Evidence-Based Image Analysis.

water ghost1 - CopyThe features that Becky described in her testimony are non-existent. This is a prime example of pareidolia – the brains propensity to try to make sense out of random patterns. What this image is really showing is nothing more than a trick of light and shadow. The “white dress” is in actuality the sky reflected on the surface water through a break in the tree canopy. The “arm”, “hand” an “chin” are not real. They are merely the product of the observers brain trying to make sense of the random patterning. Under high magnification, you can see a water ripple in front of the “face”.

CONCLUSION: Pareidolia,  created by light and shadow illusion.

© David Calvert 2011

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The Devil’s in the Details.

bridge ghost original

‘Ghost hunters from Cheshire Paranormal Society (CPS) took this photo on a vigil of the historic Packhorse Bridge in the village of Caergwrle, near Wrexham.

At the time members hadn’t realised what was apparently standing on the bridge in front of them, said John Millington from the group, but some group members had reported feeling uneasy.

Also, other paranormal activity was a allegedly recorded, such as orbs of light, several of which can be seen in this photo in varying stages of luminosity.

Through further study and assistance from members of  Hope and Caergwrle Heritage Society, it’s thought that three ghosts haunt the bridge; a young girl and two women.

CPS members believe this photo shows the ghost of Squire Yonge who, the history books say, was well-known in the area 300 years ago.

The group also believe that the sighting of ghosts on the bridge could be to do with a former burial ground in the area and that the bridge was the access point.’

Image Analysis:

bridge ghost annotated

My annotations, thoughts and observations on this image read thus:

Top line notation: Possible water droplet(s) running down camera lens, being reflected by camera flash onto sensor? Fainter areas on figure may show the path taken by droplet(s) collecting at base of figure as brighter reflections.”

Second line notation: “To the immediate left of each red star there appears to be water droplet orbs illuminated by camera flash.”

Third line notation: “Damp patches, suggesting recent rainfall.”


Evidence-Based Conclusion.

When viewing this image one can easily understand how the ‘ghost’ interpretation can be easily accepted, especially by those who adhere to such beliefs. At first glance the image looks very impressive but, as they say, the Devil is in the details.

The damp patches on the ground, the light orbs, and the ghost figure itself are all created by the same thing – atmospheric water droplets.

Most of the orbs are faint, whereas one is much brighter. The reason for this is because the brighter orb is much closer to the flash and therefore reflects its light with greater intensity.

The figure itself has been created by water droplet(s). In this instance, however, they are on the camera lens and are being reflected onto the camera sensor creating a total internal reflection. The shape of the figure is purely coincidental. The fainter areas of the figure are where the droplet(s) have run down the lens leaving a residual track as they did so. The brighter areas are where the droplet(s) have much greater density and so reflect more light.

Further research into known images of total internal reflection support my hypothesis that the same phenomenon is occurring here.

Conclusion: Total Internal Reflection Camera Artefact

© David Calvert 2011

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